Different Types of Disposable Vaginal Speculum

A disposable vaginal speculum is a medical tool that enables your doctor to see more easily inside hollow areas of your body, such as your vagina. Your physician can inspect your vagina and your cervix by opening up your vaginal walls using a vaginal speculum. Although it is utilized in many other gynecological procedures, pelvic exams and Pap screenings are where it is most frequently used.

What is Disposable Vaginal Speculum

A medical professional uses a Disposable Vaginal Speculum to look inside hollow body cavities like your vagina, anus, ears, or nose. The most well-known kind of speculum is arguably the vaginal one used for pelvic exams. The speculum opens up your vaginal walls just enough during an examination so that your doctor can see your cervix and vaginal canal. The gap between your vagina and uterus is known as your cervix. Your doctor can examine unusual growths, collect fluid samples for analysis, and even carry out procedures through your vagina using a speculum.

How Does a Disposable Vaginal Speculum Appear?

Disposable vaginal speculum has a variety of designs depending on what they are used for. The speculum you’ll likely encounter at a gynecologist appointment features two arms that join at a hinge. The arms look like the bill of a duck. The portion of the speculum that enters your vagina is known as them. Your vagina opens out as the arms do. Your vagina’s size returns to normal when they close. Speculums are made of plastic or stainless steel. Some plastic speculums have built-in lights that let your doctor see your vagina and cervix more clearly.

Different Types of Disposable Vaginal Speculum

Disposable vaginal speculum sizes vary, just like the vaginal size. Your vagina’s size and the stretchiness or elasticity of your vaginal walls depend on a variety of factors, including genetics, age, health, and sexual activity. The healthcare professional should pick a speculum that suits your vagina to ensure your comfort. Also, doctor will use the smallest speculum possible during the examination to see your cervix and vagina. The following are some of the most typical varieties of disposable vaginal speculums.

A Child’s Speculum:

The smallest speculum is a pediatric one. Other speculums are longer and wider than this one. Despite the misleading name, pediatric speculums are rarely used on kids. Instead, if you’ve never engaged in sexual activity, your provider might use it. Pediatric speculums are frequently utilized on postmenopausal individuals. It could be challenging to tolerate a wider speculum due to changes to your vaginal walls after menopause.

Huffman Speculum:

The Huffman speculum is larger than a pediatric one but smaller than a Pederson that is frequently employed. It is also intended for people who have never engaged in penetrating intercourse.

Pederson Speculum:

One of the speculums that are most frequently used is the Pederson speculum. If you have had sexual contact or are sexually active but haven’t given birth, your doctor may use this speculum. There are various sizes available for Pederson speculums.

Graves Speculum:

There is also a lot of use of the Graves speculum. Because it is larger than the Pederson speculum, it is an excellent option if you have a longer vaginal canal or more elastic vaginal walls. If you gave birth vaginally, your healthcare professional might use a Graves speculum. Additionally frequently employed during procedures like colposcopy and biopsies is this kind of speculum. The sizes of graves speculums are likewise varied.

What is the Purpose of a Disposable Vaginal Speculum?

A disposable vaginal speculum will almost certainly be used during a pelvic exam or Pap smear. To widen your vaginal walls during a pelvic exam, your doctor gently inserts the duck-billed portion of the speculum into your vagina. Your cervix can now be seen more clearly, making it simpler to look for any abnormal growths or other anomalies. Your doctor will take cells from your cervix during a Pap smear, which will then be examined for cervical cancer symptoms.

Getting accustomed to a vaginal speculum during these routine checkups might help you be ready for future operations that may also require speculums. Some of these techniques consist of:

  • Biopsy.
  • Colposcopy.
  • dilation and cure (D&C).
  • ablation of the endometrium.
  • artificial insemination (IVF).
  • IUD implantation.
  • Excision loop electrosurgical technique (LEEP).
  • Hysterectomy via the vagina.

You will be sleeping during procedures (such as D&C and hysterectomy) where the speculum will be in position for a considerable amount of time.

Is a Scope Secure?

Yes. Since ancient times, several speculum designs have been employed to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of gynecological disorders. To guarantee that no bacteria enter your body when the speculum is inserted, your healthcare expert will disinfect it beforehand. There is no need to be anxious about your vagina becoming looser over time. Temporary widening may occur during the operation. After your exam, your vagina will resize to its normal size.

A Speculum, Does it Hurt?

When your healthcare professional inserts and widens the speculum, it’s normal to feel pressure or discomfort, but it shouldn’t hurt. To ease any discomfort as the speculum is inserted, your healthcare professional may press down to relax the muscle at the opening of your vagina. You may feel tight and anxious if the speculum hurts. The discomfort might be increased beyond what is necessary by tense muscles. Exercises for relaxation and breathing can be helpful.

If your provider is unaware of certain issues beforehand, they may make the procedure uncomfortable. These circumstances include:

The Sclerosis Lichen:

Skin conditions like lichen sclerosus may make your skin less elastic and more prone to tearing during a speculum examination.

Vulvar Atrophy:

When estrogen levels fall, your vaginal walls weaken, shortening and tightening your vaginal canal. This condition is known as vaginal atrophy. Your vagina may feel itchy, dry, and painful as a result of this. If you have this disease, you may be more prone to feel discomfort during a speculum test.


Vaginismus is a condition when the muscles surrounding your vagina stiffen up out of fear of being pierced. The fear of a disposable vaginal speculum being inserted includes that. A speculum exam is more uncomfortable when your vagina tightens as a result of tensed muscles.


Chronic pain in the vulva, or genitalia, is known as vulvodynia. A speculum may feel uncomfortable because of this soreness, which may spread to your vagina.

To make the procedure as comfortable as possible for you, it’s crucial to let your healthcare professional know if you have any of these conditions. Another choice is to demand that the medical professional who conducts your exam has prior experience conducting exams on patients with your illness.

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