Vitiligo: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Vitiligo is one type of skin disease, and it loses the actual color or skin pigmentation. Apart from that smooth light or white areas actually called macules or patches, which mainly appear on your skin. In this case, it generally starts from the hand, forearms, feet, and face as well.

After researching the fact, it has been seen that almost 1% of the population has vitiligo. So treatment is not necessary, but if you want, then it may be possible. In this article, we are going to discuss some of the symptoms, causes, and treatment of vitiligo.

What Is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a skin disease that causes your skin to lose its actual complexion or pigmentation. It causes your skin to appear lighter in complexion than the natural skin tone. On the other hand, the areas where your skin loses the pigment are called macules. If you have vitiligo on the particular part of the body where it has hair, then it will turn white or silver.

The condition generally occurs when the immune system of your body destroys the melanocytes. In this case, melanocytes are actually skin cells that will produce melanin, the chemical that gives the skin its color or pigmentation.

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How Is Vitiligo Treated?

It is not much necessary for treatment the vitiligo disorder. The condition is not harmful to your body, but basically, it is a cosmetic disease. If you have widespread vitiligo or you have several physical symptoms, then your healthcare provider will find suitable treatment options.

In this case, you will be able to create a treatment skin tone by eliminating the remaining color or creating a uniform skin tone. Common treatments of vitiligo disorder. On the other hand, men are also being affected by this disorder which is Vitiligo On Penis.

1. Medications

There are not any particular medications by which you will be able to stop the vitiligo from affecting your skin badly. But there are certain drugs as well which can slow down the speed of pigmentation loss.

Apart from that, those drugs will be able to help melanocytes regrow and also bring color back to your skin. In this case, medications that will treat vitiligo, such as:

  • Corticosteroids
  • Calcineurin inhibitors, and so on.

2. Depigmentation Therapy

Depigmentation therapy is also an option to treat vitiligo. In this case, this treatment will remove the color of your natural skin complexion and matches the areas of your skin affected with vitiligo disorder.

In this case, the drug that has been used in depigmentation is monobenzone. You can apply this medication to pigment the patches of your skin. This will turn your skin complexion into white, and it will match your whole area with the vitiligo skin tone.

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3. Light Therapy

Light therapy or phototherapy is the treatment that will help to return the actual skin tone. In this case, the healthcare provider will treat this disorder by using light boxes, medical-grade lasers, and also ultraviolet rays. These lasers will direct your skin for a short amount of time. Apart from that, several light therapy sessions will help to see the results on your skin.

The vitiligo skin disorder will treat by combining oral psoralen and ultraviolet light on a large area of the skin. This treatment is very effective for people with vitiligo on the head, neck, hand, and legs as well.

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4. Surgery

Another treatment option for vitiligo is surgery. In this case surgical treatment could include such as:

Skin is taken from one part of the body and then used to cover another part. In this case, there are several possible complications such as scarring, infection, and failure to pigment as well. This might be called mini-grafting as well.

Blister grafting uses suction so that it will be able to suck the blister, which is a fluid formed on the upper layer of the skin when you have vitiligo. In this situation, your provider will then remove the top of the blister to attach it. In this case, it will affect your skin badly. But somehow, your vitiligo will mostly be cured.

There Are Several Ways Where You Will Be Able To Protect The Vitiligo

Below we have discussed some of the several ways where you will be able to protect the vitiligo. 

  • If you want to avoid from diagnosed with vitiligo, then you need to practice the safe sun exposure habits.
  • In this case, you need to take care of your skin by using the doctor’s recommended sunscreen.
  • You need to avoid stress, or you need to avoid getting several injuries.
  •  You need to manage the underlying autoimmune conditions.


We have discussed some of the factors of vitiligo above in this article. Apart from that, vitiligo is a condition that can cause cosmetic changes to your skin. It isn’t necessary to have treatments, but if you want, then you can.

The persons who have been affected with vitiligo have also been affected with self-esteem. In this case, many people feel insecure and also uncomfortable, especially in public places.

Thank you for reading till the end.

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